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1. QuestionCategory: Alertness
As you approach this bridge you should
This sign gives you a warning. The brow of
the hill prevents you seeing oncoming traffic
so you must be cautious. The bridge is
narrow and there may not be enough room
for you to pass an oncoming vehicle at this
point. There is no footpath, so pedestrians
may be walking in the road. Consider the
hidden hazards and be ready to react if
2. QuestionCategory: Alertness
In which of these situations should you avoid overtaking?CorrectIncorrect
As you begin to think about overtaking, ask yourself if it’s really necessary. If you can’t see well ahead stay back and wait for a safer place to pull out.
3. QuestionCategory: Alertness
This road marking warns
You should plan your overtaking to take into account any hazards ahead. In this picture the marking indicates that you are approaching a junction. You will not have time to overtake and move back into the left safely.
4. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Your mobile phone rings while you are travelling. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
The safest option is to switch off your mobile phone before you set off, and use a message service. Even hands-free systems are likely to distract your attention. Don’t endanger other road users. If you need to make a call, pull up in a safe place when you can, you may need to go some distance before you can find one. It’s illegal to use a hend-held moble or similar device when driving or riding, except in a genuine emergency.
5. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Before you make a U-turn in the road, you
If you want to make a U-turn, slow down
and ensure that the road is clear in both
directions. Make sure that the road is wide
enough to carry out the manoeuvre safely.
6. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You are approaching traffic lights that have
been on green for some time. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
The longer traffic lights have been on
green, the greater the chance of them
changing. Always allow for this on
approach and be prepared to stop.
7. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Why are these yellow lines painted across
These lines are often found on the
approach to a roundabout or a dangerous
junction. They give you extra warning to
adjust your speed. Look well ahead and do
this in good time.
8. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Which of the following should you do before
Before pulling up check the mirrors to see
what is happening behind you. Also assess
what is ahead and make sure you give the
correct signal if it helps other road users.
9. QuestionCategory: Alertness
When following a large vehicle you should
keep well back because thisCorrectIncorrect
If you’re following a large vehicle but are so
close to it that you can’t see the exterior
mirrors, the driver can’t see you.
Keeping well back will also allow you to see
the road ahead by looking past either side
of the large vehicle.
10. QuestionCategory: Alertness
When you see a hazard ahead you should
use the mirrors. Why is this?CorrectIncorrect
You should be constantly scanning the
road for clues about what is going to
happen next. Check your mirrors regularly,
particularly as soon as you spot a hazard.
What is happening behind may affect your
response to hazards ahead.
11. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You are waiting to turn right at the end of a
road. Your view is obstructed by parked
vehicles. What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
At junctions your view is often restricted by
buildings, trees or parked cars. You need
to be able to see in order to judge a safe
gap. Edge forward slowly and keep looking
all the time. Don’t cause other road users
to change speed or direction as you
12. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Objects hanging from your interior mirror
Ensure that you can see clearly through the
windscreen of your vehicle. Stickers or
hanging objects could affect your field of
vision or draw your eyes away from the
13. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Which of the following may cause loss of
concentration on a long journey?CorrectIncorrect
You should not allow yourself to be
distracted when driving. You need to
concentrate fully in order to be safe on the
road. Loud music could mask other
sounds, such as the audible warning of an
emergency vehicle. Any distraction which
causes you to take your hands off the
steering wheel or your eyes off the road
could be dangerous.
14. QuestionCategory: Alertness
On a long motorway journey boredom can
cause you to feel sleepy. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
Plan your journey to include suitable rest
stops. You should take all possible
precautions against feeling sleepy while
driving. Any lapse of concentration could
have serious consequences.
15. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You are driving at dusk. You should switch
your lights onCorrectIncorrect
Your headlights and tail lights help others
on the road to see you. It may be
necessary to turn on your lights during the
day if visibility is reduced, for example due
to heavy rain. In these conditions the light
might fade before the street lights are timed
to switch on. Be seen to be safe.
16. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You are most likely to lose concentration
when driving if youCorrectIncorrect
Distractions which cause you to take your
hands off the steering wheel or your eyes
off the road are potentially dangerous. You
must be in full control of your vehicle at all
17. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Which FOUR are most likely to cause you to
lose concentration while you are driving?CorrectIncorrect
It’s easy to be distracted. Planning your
journey before you set off is important. A
few sensible precautions are to tune your
radio to stations in your area of travel, take
planned breaks, and plan your route.
Except for emergencies it is illegal to use a
hand-held mobile phone while driving. Even
using a hands-free kit can distract your
18. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You should ONLY use a mobile phone whenCorrectIncorrect
It is illegal to use a hand-held mobile phone
while driving, except in a genuine
emergency. Even using hands-free kit can
distract your attention. Park in a safe and
convenient place before receiving or
making a call or using text messaging.
Then you will also be free to take notes or
refer to papers.
19. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You are driving on a wet road. You have to
stop your vehicle in an emergency. You
As you drive, look well ahead and all
around so that you’re ready for any hazards
that might occur. There may be occasions
when you have to stop in an emergency.
React as soon as you can whilst keeping
control of the vehicle.
20. QuestionCategory: Alertness
When you are moving off from behind a
parked car you shouldCorrectIncorrect
Before moving off you should use all the
mirrors to check if the road is clear. Look
round to check the blind spots and give a
signal if it is necessary to warn other road
users of your intentions.
21. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You are travelling along this narrow country
road. When passing the cyclist you should
Look well ahead and only pull out if it is
safe. You will need to use all of the road to
pass the cyclist, so be extra-cautious. Look
out for entrances to fields where tractors or
other farm machinery could be waiting to
22. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Your vehicle is fitted with a hand-held
telephone. To use the telephone you shouldCorrectIncorrect
Your attention should be on your driving at
all times. Except in a genuine emergency
never attempt to use a hand-held phone
while on the move. It’s illegal and very
dangerous. Your eyes could wander from
the road and at 60 mph your vehicle will
travel about 27 metres (89 feet) every
23. QuestionCategory: Alertness
To answer a call on your mobile phone while
travelling you shouldCorrectIncorrect
No phone call is important enough to risk
endangering lives. It’s better to switch your
phone off completely when driving. If you
must be contactable plan your route to
include breaks so you can catch up on
messages in safety. Always choose a safe
and convenient place to take a break, such
as a lay-by or service area.
24. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You lose your way on a busy road. What is
the best action to take?CorrectIncorrect
It’s easy to lose your way in an unfamiliar
area. If you need to check a map or ask for
directions, first find a safe place to stop.
25. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Windscreen pillars can obstruct your view.
You should take particular care whenCorrectIncorrect
Windscreen pillars can obstruct your view,
particularly at bends and junctions. Look
out for other road users, particularly cyclists
and pedestrians, as they can be hard to
26. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You cannot see clearly behind when
reversing. What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
If you want to turn your car around try to
find a place where you have good all-round
vision. If this isn’t possible and you’re
unable to see clearly, then get someone to
27. QuestionCategory: Alertness
What does the term ‘blind spot’ mean for a
Modern vehicles provide the driver with
well-positioned mirrors which are essential
to safe driving. However, they cannot see
every angle of the scene behind and to the
sides of the vehicle. This is why it is
essential that you check over your
shoulder, so that you are aware of any
hazards not reflected in your mirrors.
28. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Your vehicle is fitted with a hands-free
phone system. Using this equipment whilst
Using a hands-free system doesn’t mean
that you can safely drive and use a mobile
phone. This type of mobile phone can still
distract your attention from the road. As a
driver, it is your responsibility to keep
yourself and other road users safe at all
29. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Using a hands-free phone is likely toCorrectIncorrect
Unlike someone in the car with you, the
person on the other end of the line is
unable to see the traffic situations you are
dealing with. They will not stop speaking to
you even if you are approaching a
hazardous situation. You need to be
concentrating on your driving all of the
time, but especially so when dealing with a
30. QuestionCategory: Alertness
What is the safest way to use a mobile
phone in your vehicle?CorrectIncorrect
It’s illegal to use a hand-held mobile phone
while driving, except in genuine
emergencies. Even using hands-free kit is
very likely to take your mind off your
driving. If the use of a mobile causes you to
drive in a careless or dangerous manner,
you could be prosecuted for those
offences. The penalties include an unlimited
fine, disqualification and up to two years’
31. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Your mobile phone rings while you are on
the motorway. Before answering you shouldCorrectIncorrect
When driving on motorways, you can’t just
pull up to answer your mobile phone. Do
not stop on the hard shoulder or slip road.
To avoid being distracted it’s safer to switch
it off when driving. If you need to be
contacted plan your journey to include
breaks at service areas so you can pick up
any messages when you stop.
32. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You are turning right onto a dual
carriageway. What should you do before
Before emerging right onto a dual
carriageway make sure that the central
reserve is deep enough to protect your
vehicle. If it’s not, you should treat it as one
road and check that it’s clear in both
directions before pulling out. Neglecting to
do this could place part or all of your
vehicle in the path of approaching traffic
and cause a collision.
33. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You are waiting to emerge from a junction.
The windscreen pillar is restricting your view.
What should you be particularly aware of?
Windscreen pillars can completely block
your view of pedestrians, motorcyclists and
pedal cyclists. You should particularly
watch out for these road users; don’t just
rely on a quick glance. Where possible
make eye contact with them so you can be
sure they have seen you too.
34. QuestionCategory: Alertness
When emerging from junctions, which is
most likely to obstruct your view?CorrectIncorrect
Windscreen pillars can block your view,
particularly at junctions. Those road users
most at risk of not being seen are cyclists,
motorcyclists and pedestrians. Never rely
on just a quick glance.
35. QuestionCategory: Alertness
Your vehicle is fitted with a navigation
system. How should you avoid letting this
distract you while driving?CorrectIncorrect
Vehicle navigation systems can be useful
when driving on unfamiliar routes. However
they can also distract you and cause you to
lose control if you look at or adjust them
while driving. Pull up in a convenient and
safe place before adjusting them.
36. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You are driving on a motorway and want to
use your mobile phone. What should you
Except in a genuine emergency you MUST
NOT use your mobile phone when driving.
If you need to use it leave the motorway
and find a safe place to stop. Even a
hands-free phone can distract your
attention. Use your voicemail to receive
calls. Driving requires all of your attention,
all of the time.
37. QuestionCategory: Alertness
You must not use a hand-held phone while
driving. Using a hands-free systemCorrectIncorrect
While driving your concentration is required
all the time. Even using a hands-free kit can
still distract your attention from the road.
Any distraction, however brief, is potentially
dangerous and could cause you to lose
control. Except in a genuine emergency, it
is an offence to use a hand-held phone
38. QuestionCategory: Attitude
At a pelican crossing the flashing amber
light means you MUSTCorrectIncorrect
Pelican crossings are signal-controlled
crossings operated by pedestrians. Pushbutton
controls change the signals. Pelican
crossings have no red-and-amber stage
before green. Instead, they have a flashing
amber light, which means you MUST give
way to pedestrians already on the crossing,
but if it is clear, you may continue.
39. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You should never wave people across at
pedestrian crossings becauseCorrectIncorrect
If people are waiting to use a pedestrian
crossing, slow down and be prepared to
stop. Don’t wave them across the road
since another driver may, not have seen
them, not have seen your signal and may
not be able to stop safely
40. QuestionCategory: Attitude
‘Tailgating’ is used to describe this
dangerous practice, often seen in fastmoving
traffic and on motorways. Following
the vehicle in front too closely is dangerous
• restricts your view of the road ahead
• leaves you no safety margin if the vehicle
in front slows down or stops suddenly.
41. QuestionCategory: Attitude
Following this vehicle too closely is unwise
Staying back will increase your view of the
road ahead. This will help you to see any
hazards that might occur and allow you
more time to react.
42. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are following a vehicle on a wet road.
You should leave a time gap of at leastCorrectIncorrect
Wet roads will reduce your tyres’ grip on
the road. The safe separation gap of at
least two seconds in dry conditions should
be doubled in wet weather.
43. QuestionCategory: Attitude
A long, heavily-laden lorry is taking a long
time to overtake you. What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
A long lorry with a heavy load will need
more time to pass you than a car,
especially on an uphill stretch of road. Slow
down and allow the lorry to pass.
44. QuestionCategory: Attitude
Which of the following vehicles will use blue
When you see emergency vehicles with
blue flashing beacons, move out of the way
as soon as it is safe to do so.
45. QuestionCategory: Attitude
Which THREE of these emergency services
might have blue flashing beacons?CorrectIncorrect
When attending an emergency these
vehicles will be travelling at speed. You
should help their progress by pulling over
and allowing them to pass. Do so safely.
Don’t stop suddenly or in a dangerous
46. QuestionCategory: Attitude
When being followed by an ambulance
showing a flashing blue beacon you shouldCorrectIncorrect
Pull over in a place where the ambulance
can pass safely. Check that there are no
bollards or obstructions in the road that will
prevent it from doing so.
47. QuestionCategory: Attitude
What type of emergency vehicle is fitted
with a green flashing beacon?CorrectIncorrect
A green flashing beacon on a vehicle
means the driver or passenger is a doctor
on an emergency call. Give way to them if
it’s safe to do so. Be aware that the vehicle
may be travelling quickly or may stop in a
48. QuestionCategory: Attitude
A flashing green beacon on a vehicle meansCorrectIncorrect
If you see a vehicle with a flashing green
beacon approaching, allow it to pass when
you can do so safely. Be aware that
someone’s life could depend on the driver
making good progress through traffic.
49. QuestionCategory: Attitude
Diamond-shaped signs give instructions toCorrectIncorrect
These signs only apply to trams. They are
directed at tram drivers but you should
know their meaning so that you’re aware of
the priorities and are able to anticipate the
actions of the driver.
50. QuestionCategory: Attitude
On a road where trams operate, which of
these vehicles will be most at risk from the
The narrow wheels of a bicycle can
become stuck in the tram rails, causing the
cyclist to stop suddenly, wobble or even
lose balance altogether. The tram lines are
also slippery which could cause a cyclist to
slide or fall off.
51. QuestionCategory: Attitude
What should you use your horn for?CorrectIncorrect
Your horn must not be used between
11.30 pm and 7 am in a built-up area or
when you are stationary, unless a moving
vehicle poses a danger. Its function is to
alert other road users to your presence.
52. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are in a one-way street and want to
turn right. You should position yourselfCorrectIncorrect
If you’re travelling in a one-way street and
wish to turn right you should take up a
position in the right-hand lane. This will
enable other road users not wishing to turn
to proceed on the left. Indicate your
intention and take up your position in good
53. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You wish to turn right ahead. Why should
you take up the correct position in good
If you wish to turn right into a side road
take up your position in good time. Move to
the centre of the road when it’s safe to do
so. This will allow vehicles to pass you on
the left. Early planning will show other traffic
what you intend to do.
54. QuestionCategory: Attitude
At which type of crossing are cyclists
allowed to ride across with pedestrians?CorrectIncorrect
A toucan crossing is designed to allow
pedestrians and cyclists to cross at the
same time. Look out for cyclists
approaching the crossing at speed.
55. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are travelling at the legal speed limit. A
vehicle comes up quickly behind, flashing its
headlights. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
Don’t enforce the speed limit by blocking
another vehicle’s progress. This will only
lead to the other driver becoming more
frustrated. Allow the other vehicle to pass
when you can do so safely.
56. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You should ONLY flash your headlights to
other road usersCorrectIncorrect
You should only flash your headlights to
warn others of your presence. Don’t use
them to, greet others, show impatience or
give priority to other road users. They
could misunderstand your signal.
57. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are approaching unmarked crossroads.
How should you deal with this type of
Be extra-cautious, especially when your
view is restricted by hedges, bushes, walls
and large vehicles etc. In the summer
months these junctions can become more
difficult to deal with when growing foliage
may obscure your view.
58. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are approaching a pelican crossing. The
amber light is flashing. You mustCorrectIncorrect
While the pedestrians are crossing don’t
encourage them to cross by waving or
flashing your headlights: other road users
may misunderstand your signal. Don’t
harass them by creeping forward or revving
59. QuestionCategory: Attitude
The conditions are good and dry. You could
use the ‘two-second rule’CorrectIncorrect
To measure this, choose a fixed reference
point such as a bridge, sign or tree. When
the vehicle ahead passes the object, say to
yourself ‘Only a fool breaks the twosecond
rule.’ If you reach the object before
you finish saying this, you’re TOO CLOSE.
60. QuestionCategory: Attitude
At a puffin crossing, which colour follows the
Puffin crossings have infra-red sensors
which detect when pedestrians are
crossing and hold the red traffic signal until
the crossing is clear. The use of a sensor
means there is no flashing amber phase as
there is with a pelican crossing.
61. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are in a line of traffic. The driver behind
you is following very closely. What action
should you take?CorrectIncorrect
It can be worrying to see that the car
behind is following you too closely. Give
yourself a greater safety margin by easing
back from the vehicle in front.
62. QuestionCategory: Attitude
A vehicle has a flashing green beacon. What
does this mean?CorrectIncorrect
A doctor attending an emergency may
show a green flashing beacon on their
vehicle. Give way to them when you can do
so safely as they will need to reach their
destination quickly. Be aware that they
might pull over suddenly.
63. QuestionCategory: Attitude
A bus has stopped at a bus stop ahead of
you. Its right-hand indicator is flashing. You
Give way to buses whenever you can do
so safely, especially when they signal to pull
away from bus stops. Look out for people
leaving the bus and crossing the road.
64. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are driving on a clear night. There is a
steady stream of oncoming traffic. The
national speed limit applies. Which lights
should you use?CorrectIncorrect
Use the full beam headlights only when you
can be sure that you won’t dazzle other
65. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are driving behind a large goods
vehicle. It signals left but steers to the right.
Large, long vehicles need extra room when
making turns at junctions. They may move
out to the right in order to make a left turn.
Keep well back and don’t attempt to pass
on the left.
66. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are driving along this road. The red van
cuts in close in front of you. What should
There are times when other drivers make
incorrect or ill-judged decisions. Be tolerant
and try not to retaliate or react aggressively.
Always consider the safety of other road
users, your passengers and yourself.
67. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are waiting in a traffic queue at night. To
avoid dazzling following drivers you shouldCorrectIncorrect
You should consider drivers behind as
brake lights can dazzle. However, if you are
driving in fog it’s safer to keep your foot on
the footbrake. In this case it will give the
vehicle behind extra warning of your
68. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are driving in traffic at the speed limit for
the road. The driver behind is trying to
overtake. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
Keep a steady course to give the driver
behind an opportunity to overtake safely. If
necessary, slow down. Reacting incorrectly
to another driver’s impatience can lead to
69. QuestionCategory: Attitude
A bus lane on your left shows no times of
operation. This means it is
Don’t drive or park in a bus lane when it’s
in operation. This can cause disruption to
traffic and delays to public transport.
70. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are driving along a country road. A
horse and rider are approaching. What
should you do?CorrectIncorrect
It’s important that you reduce your speed.
Passing too closely at speed could startle
the horse and unseat the rider.
71. QuestionCategory: Attitude
A person herding sheep asks you to stop.
Allow the sheep to clear the road before
you proceed. Animals are unpredictable
and startle easily; they could turn and run
into your path or into the path of another
72. QuestionCategory: Attitude
When overtaking a horse and rider you
Horses can become startled by the sound
of a car engine or the rush of air caused by
passing too closely. Keep well back and
only pass when it is safe; leave them plenty
of room. You may have to use the other
side of the road to go past: if you do, first
make sure there is no oncoming traffic.
73. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are approaching a zebra crossing.
Pedestrians are waiting to cross. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
Look out on the approach especially for
children and older pedestrians. They may
walk across without looking. Zebra
crossings have flashing amber beacons on
both sides of the road, black and white
stripes on the crossing and white zigzag
markings on both sides of the crossing.
Where you can see pedestrians waiting to
cross, slow down and prepare to stop.
74. QuestionCategory: Attitude
A vehicle pulls out in front of you at a
junction. What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
Try to be ready for the unexpected. Plan
ahead and learn to anticipate hazards.
You’ll then give yourself more time to react
to any problems that might occur.
Be tolerant of the behaviour of other road
users who don’t behave correctly.
75. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You stop for pedestrians waiting to cross at
a zebra crossing. They do not start to cross.
What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
If you stop for pedestrians and they don’t
start to cross don’t wave them across or
sound your horn. This could be dangerous
if another vehicle is approaching which
hasn’t seen or heard your signal.
76. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are following this lorry. You should keep
well back from it to
By keeping well back you will increase your
width of vision around the rear of the lorry.
This will allow you to see further down the
road and be prepared for any hazards.
77. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are approaching a red light at a puffin
crossing. Pedestrians are on the crossing.
The red light will stay on untilCorrectIncorrect
The electronic device will automatically
detect that the pedestrians have reached a
safe position. Don’t proceed until the green
light shows it is safe for vehicles to do so.
78. QuestionCategory: Attitude
At puffin crossings, which light will not show
to a driver?CorrectIncorrect
A flashing amber light is shown at pelican
crossings, but puffin crossings are different.
They are controlled electronically and
automatically detect when pedestrians are
on the crossing. The phase is shortened or
lengthened according to the position of the
79. QuestionCategory: AttitudeCorrectIncorrect
In good, dry conditions an alert driver
who’s driving a vehicle with tyres and
brakes in good condition, needs to keep a
distance of at least two seconds from the
car in front.
80. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are driving at night on an unlit road
behind another vehicle. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
If you follow another vehicle with your
headlights on full beam they could dazzle
the driver. Leave a safe distance and
ensure that the light from your dipped
beam falls short of the vehicle in front.
81. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You are driving a slow-moving vehicle on a
narrow winding road. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
Try not to hold up a queue of traffic. Other
road users may become impatient and this
could lead to reckless actions. If you’re
driving a slow-moving vehicle and the road
is narrow, look for a safe place to pull in.
DON’T wave other traffic past since this
could be dangerous if you or they haven’t
seen an oncoming vehicle.
82. QuestionCategory: Attitude
You have a loose filler cap on your diesel
fuel tank. This willCorrectIncorrect
Diesel fuel is especially slippery if spilled on
a wet road. At the end of a dry spell of
weather you should be aware that the road
surfaces may have a high level of diesel
spillage that hasn’t been washed away by
83. QuestionCategory: Attitude
To avoid spillage after refuelling, you should
make sure thatCorrectIncorrect
When learning to drive it is a good idea to
practise filling your car with fuel. Ask your
instructor if you can use a petrol station
and fill the fuel tank yourself. You need to
know where the filler cap is located on the
car you are driving in order to park on the
correct side of the pump. Take care not to
overfill the tank or spill fuel. Make sure you
secure the filler cap as soon as you have
replaced the fuel nozzle.
84. QuestionCategory: Attitude
If your vehicle uses diesel fuel, take extra
care when refuelling. Diesel fuel when spilt isCorrectIncorrect
If you are using diesel, or are at a pump
which has a diesel facility, be aware that
there may be spilt fuel on the ground. Fuel
contamination on the soles of your shoes
may cause them to slip when using the
85. QuestionCategory: Attitude
What style of driving causes increased risk
Competitive driving increases the risks to
everyone and is the opposite of
responsible, considerate and defensive
driving. Defensive driving is about
questioning the actions of other road users
and being prepared for the unexpected.
Don’t be taken by surprise.
86. QuestionCategory: Attitude
Young, inexperienced and newly qualified
drivers can often be involved in crashes.
This is due toCorrectIncorrect
Newly qualified, and particularly young
drivers, are more vulnerable in the first year
after passing the test. Inexperience plays a
part in this but it’s essential to have the
correct attitude. Be responsible and always
show courtesy and consideration to other
87. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Which TWO are badly affected if the tyres
Your tyres are your only contact with the
road so it is very important to ensure that
they are free from defects, have sufficient
tread depth and are correctly inflated.
Correct tyre pressures help reduce the risk
of skidding and provide a safer and more
comfortable drive or ride.
88. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You must NOT sound your hornCorrectIncorrect
Vehicles can be noisy. Every effort must be
made to prevent excessive noise, especially
in built-up areas at night. Don’t
• rev the engine
• sound the horn
It is illegal to sound your horn in a built-up
area between 11.30 pm and 7 am, except
when another vehicle poses a danger.
89. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicleCorrectIncorrect
Trams are powered by electricity and
therefore do not emit exhaust fumes. They
are also much quieter than petrol or diesel
engined vehicles and can carry a large
number of passengers.
90. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Supertrams or Light Rapid Transit (LRT)
systems are environmentally friendly
This means that they do not emit toxic
fumes, which add to city pollution
problems. They are also a lot quieter and
smoother to ride on.
91. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
‘Red routes’ in major cities have been
Traffic jams today are often caused by the
volume of traffic. However, inconsiderate
parking can lead to the closure of an inside
lane or traffic having to wait for oncoming
vehicles. Driving slowly in traffic increases
fuel consumption and causes a build-up of
92. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Road humps, chicanes, and narrowings areCorrectIncorrect
Traffic calming measures help keep vehicle
speeds low in congested areas where there
are pedestrians and children. A pedestrian
is much more likely to survive a collision
with a vehicle travelling at 20 mph than at
93. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
The purpose of a catalytic converter is to
Catalytic converters are designed to reduce
a large percentage of toxic emissions. They
work more efficiently when the engine has
reached its normal working temperature.
94. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Catalytic converters are fitted to make theCorrectIncorrect
Harmful gases in the exhaust system
pollute the atmosphere. These gases are
reduced by up to 90% if a catalytic
converter is fitted. Cleaner air benefits
everyone, especially people who live or
work near congested roads.
95. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
It is essential that tyre pressures are
checked regularly. When should this be
When you check the tyre pressures do so
when the tyres are cold. This will give you a
more accurate reading. The heat generated
from a long journey will raise the pressure
inside the tyre.
96. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
When should you NOT use your horn in a
By law you must not sound your horn in a
built-up area between 11.30 pm and 7.00
am. The exception to this is when another
road user poses a danger.
97. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You will use more fuel if your tyres areCorrectIncorrect
Check your tyre pressures frequently –
normally once a week. If pressures are
lower than those recommended by the
manufacturer, there will be more ‘rolling
resistance’. The engine will have to work
harder to overcome this, leading to
increased fuel consumption.
98. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
How should you dispose of a used battery?CorrectIncorrect
Batteries contain acid which is hazardous
and must be disposed of safely.
99. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
What is most likely to cause high fuel
Accelerating and braking gently and
smoothly will help to save fuel, reduce wear
on your vehicle and is better for the
100. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
The fluid level in your battery is low. What
should you top it up with?CorrectIncorrect
Some modern batteries are maintenancefree.
Check your vehicle handbook and, if
necessary, make sure that the plates in
each battery cell are covered.
101. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are parked on the road at night. Where
must you use parking lights?CorrectIncorrect
When parking at night, park in the direction
of the traffic. This will enable other road
users to see the reflectors on the rear of
your vehicle. Use your parking lights if the
speed limit is over 30 mph.
102. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Motor vehicles can harm the environment.
This has resulted inCorrectIncorrect
Exhaust emissions are harmful to health.
Together with vibration from heavy traffic
this can result in damage to buildings. Most
petrol and diesel fuels come from a finite
and non-renewable source. Anything you
can do to reduce your use of these fuels
will help the environment.
103. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Excessive or uneven tyre wear can be
caused by faults in which THREE of the
Regular servicing will help to detect faults
at an early stage and this will avoid the risk
of minor faults becoming serious or even
104. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You need to top up your battery. What level
should you fill toYou need to top up your battery. What level
should you fill to?CorrectIncorrect
You need to top up your battery. What level
should you fill to?
105. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are parking on a two-way road at night.
The speed limit is 40 mph. You should park
At night all vehicles must display parking
lights when parked on a road with a speed
limit greater than 30 mph. They should be
close to the kerb, facing in the direction of
the traffic flow and not within a distance as
specified in The Highway Code.
106. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Before starting a journey it is wise to plan
your route. How can you do this?CorrectIncorrect
Planning your journey before you set out
can help to make it much easier, more
pleasant and may help to ease traffic
congestion. Look at a map to help you to
do this. You may need different scale maps
depending on where and how far you’re
going. Printing or writing out the route can
107. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
It can help to plan your route before starting
a journey. You can do this by contactingCorrectIncorrect
Most motoring organisations will give you a
detailed plan of your trip showing directions
and distance. Some will also include advice
on rest and fuel stops. The Highways
Agency website will also give you
information on roadworks and incidents
and gives expected delay times.
108. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
How can you plan your route before starting
a long journey?CorrectIncorrect
Various route planners are available on the
internet. Most of them give you various
options allowing you to choose the most
direct, quickest or scenic route. They can
also include rest and fuel stops and
distances. Print them off and take them
109. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Planning your route before setting out can
be helpful. How can you do this?CorrectIncorrect
Print or write down your route before
setting out. Some places are not well
signed so using place names and road
numbers may help you avoid problems en
route. Try to get an idea of how far you’re
going before you leave. You can also use it
to re-check the next stage at each rest
110. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Why is it a good idea to plan your journey to
avoid busy times?CorrectIncorrect
No one likes to spend time in traffic
queues. Try to avoid busy times related to
school or work travel. As well as moving
vehicles you should also consider
congestion caused by parked cars, buses
and coaches around schools.
111. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Planning your journey to avoid busy times
has a number of advantages. One of these
Having a pleasant journey can have safety
benefits. You will be less tired and stressed
and this will allow you to concentrate more
on your driving or riding.
112. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
It is a good idea to plan your journey to
avoid busy times. This is becauseCorrectIncorrect
Avoiding busy times means that you are
not adding needlessly to traffic congestion.
Other advantages are that you will use less
fuel and feel less stressed.
113. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
By avoiding busy times when travellingCorrectIncorrect
If possible, avoid the early morning and,
late afternoon and early evening ‘rush
hour’. Doing this should allow you to travel
in a more relaxed frame of mind,
concentrate solely on what you’re doing
and arrive at your destination feeling less
114. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
It can help to plan your route before starting
a journey. Why should you also plan an
It can be frustrating and worrying to find
your planned route is blocked by
roadworks or diversions. If you have
planned an alternative you will feel less
stressed and more able to concentrate fully
on your driving or riding. If your original
route is mostly on motorways it’s a good
idea to plan an alternative using nonmotorway
roads. Always carry a map with
you just in case you need to refer to it.
115. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
As well as planning your route before
starting a journey, you should also plan an
alternative route. Why is this?CorrectIncorrect
It’s a good idea to plan an alternative route
in case your original route is blocked for
any reason. You’re less likely to feel worried
and stressed if you’ve got an alternative in
mind. This will enable you to concentrate
fully on your driving or riding. Always carry
a map that covers the area you will travel
116. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are making an appointment and will
have to travel a long distance. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
Always allow plenty of time for your journey
in case of unforeseen problems. Anything
can happen, punctures, breakdowns, road
closures, diversions etc. You will feel less
stressed and less inclined to take risks if
you are not ‘pushed for time’.
117. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Rapid acceleration and heavy braking can
Using the controls smoothly can reduce
fuel consumption by about 15% as well as
reducing wear and tear on your vehicle.
Plan ahead and anticipate changes of
speed well in advance. This will reduce the
need to accelerate rapidly or brake sharply.
118. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
What percentage of all emissions does road
transport account for?CorrectIncorrect
Transport is an essential part of modern life
but it does have environmental effects. In
heavily populated areas traffic is the biggest
source of air pollution. Eco-safe driving and
riding will reduce emissions and can make
a surprising difference to local air quality.
119. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Which of these, if allowed to get low, could
cause you to crash?CorrectIncorrect
You should carry out frequent checks on all
fluid levels but particularly brake fluid. As
the brake pads or shoes wear down the
brake fluid level will drop. If it drops below
the minimum mark on the fluid reservoir, air
could enter the hydraulic system and lead
to a loss of braking efficiency or complete
120. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
New petrol-engined cars must be fitted with
catalytic converters. The reason for this is toCorrectIncorrect
We should all be concerned about the
effect traffic has on our environment.
Fumes from vehicles are polluting the air
around us. Catalytic converters act like a
filter, removing some of the toxic waste
from exhaust gases.
121. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
What can cause heavy steering?CorrectIncorrect
If your tyre pressures are low this will
increase the drag on the road surface and
make the steering feel heavy. Your vehicle
will also use more fuel. Incorrectly inflated
tyres can affect the braking, cornering and
handling of your vehicle to a dangerous
122. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Driving with under-inflated tyres can affectCorrectIncorrect
Keeping your vehicle’s tyres correctly
inflated is a legal requirement.
Driving with correctly inflated tyres will use
less fuel and your vehicle will brake more
123. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Excessive or uneven tyre wear can be
caused by faults in theCorrectIncorrect
Uneven wear on your tyres can be caused
by the condition of your vehicle. Having it
serviced regularly will ensure that the
brakes, steering and wheel alignment are
maintained in good order.
124. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
The main cause of brake fade isCorrectIncorrect
If your vehicle is fitted with drum brakes
they can get hot and lose efficiency. This
happens when they’re used continually,
such as on a long, steep, downhill stretch
of road. Using a lower gear will assist the
braking and help prevent the vehicle
125. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Your anti-lock brakes warning light stays on.
Consult the vehicle handbook or garage
before driving the vehicle. Only drive to a
garage if it is safe to do so. If you’re not
sure get expert help.
126. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicleCorrectIncorrect
Don’t ignore this warning light. A fault in
your braking system could have dangerous
127. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
It is important to wear suitable shoes when
you are driving. Why is this?CorrectIncorrect
When you’re going to drive, ensure that
you’re wearing suitable clothing.
Comfortable shoes will ensure that you
have proper control of the foot pedals.
128. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
What will reduce the risk of neck injury
resulting from a collision?CorrectIncorrect
If you’re involved in a collision, head
restraints will reduce the risk of neck injury.
They must be properly adjusted. Make sure
they aren’t positioned too low, in a crash
this could cause damage to the neck.
129. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are testing your suspension. You notice
that your vehicle keeps bouncing when you
press down on the front wing. What does
If you find that your vehicle bounces as you
drive around a corner or bend in the road,
the shock absorbers might be worn. Press
down on the front wing and, if the vehicle
continues to bounce, take it to be checked
by a qualified mechanic.
130. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
A roof rack fitted to your car willCorrectIncorrect
If you are carrying anything on a roof rack,
make sure that any cover is securely fitted
and does not flap about while driving.
Aerodynamically designed roof boxes are
available which reduce wind resistance
and, in turn, fuel consumption.
131. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
It is illegal to drive with tyres thatCorrectIncorrect
When checking your tyres for cuts and
bulges in the side walls, don’t forget the
inner walls (ie. those facing each other
under the vehicle).
132. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
The legal minimum depth of tread for car
tyres over three quarters of the breadth isCorrectIncorrect
Tyres must have sufficient depth of tread to
give them a good grip on the road surface.
The legal minimum for cars is 1.6 mm.
This depth should be across the central
three quarters of the breadth of the tyre
and around the entire circumference.
133. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are carrying two 13 year old children
and their parents in your car. Who is
responsible for seeing that the children wear
Seat belts save lives and reduce the risk of
injury. If you are carrying passengers under
14 years of age it’s your responsibility as
the driver to ensure that their seat belts are
fastened or they are seated in an approved
134. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
When a roof rack is not in use it should be
removed. Why is this?CorrectIncorrect
We are all responsible for the environment
we live in. If each driver takes responsibility
for conserving fuel, together it will make a
135. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
How can you, as a driver, help the
Rapid acceleration and heavy braking lead
to greater fuel consumption. They also
increase wear and tear on your vehicle.
Having your vehicle regularly serviced
means your engine will maintain its
efficiency, produce cleaner emissions and
lengthen its life.
136. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
To help the environment, you can avoid
wasting fuel byCorrectIncorrect
If you don’t have your vehicle serviced
regularly, the engine will not burn all the fuel
efficiently. This will cause excess gases to
be discharged into the atmosphere.
137. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
To reduce the volume of traffic on the roads
Walking or cycling are good ways to get
exercise. Using public transport also gives
the opportunity for exercise if you walk to
the railway station or bus stop. Leave the
car at home whenever you can.
138. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Which THREE of the following are most
likely to waste fuel?CorrectIncorrect
Wasting fuel costs you money and also
causes unnecessary pollution. Ensuring
your tyres are correctly inflated, avoiding
carrying unnecessary weight, and removing
a roof rack that is not in use, will all help to
reduce your fuel consumption.
139. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Which THREE things can you, as a road
user, do to help the environment?CorrectIncorrect
Although the car is a convenient form of
transport it can also cause damage to
health and the environment, especially
when used on short journeys. Before you
travel consider other types of transport.
Walking and cycling are better for your
health and public transport can be quicker,
more convenient and less stressful than
140. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
To help protect the environment you should
Try not to use your car as a matter of
routine. For shorter journeys, consider
walking or cycling instead – this is much
better for both you and the environment.
141. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Which THREE does the law require you to
keep in good condition?CorrectIncorrect
Other things to check include lights, get
someone to help you check the brake
lights and indicators. Battery, a lot of these
are now maintenance-free. Steering, check
for play in the steering. Oil, water and
suspension also need checking. Always
check that the speedometer is working
once you’ve moved off.
142. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Driving at 70 mph uses more fuel than
driving at 50 mph by up toCorrectIncorrect
Your vehicle will use less fuel if you avoid
heavy acceleration. The higher the engine
revs, the more fuel you will use. Using the
same gear, a vehicle travelling at 70mph
will use up to 30% more fuel to cover the
same distance, than at 50mph. However,
don’t travel so slowly that you
inconvenience or endanger other road
143. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Your vehicle pulls to one side when braking.
The brakes on your vehicle must be
effective and properly adjusted. If your
vehicle pulls to one side when braking, take
it to be checked by a qualified mechanic.
Don’t take risks.
144. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Unbalanced wheels on a car may causeCorrectIncorrect
If your wheels are out of balance it will
cause the steering to vibrate at certain
speeds. It is not a fault that will rectify itself.
You will have to take your vehicle to a
garage or tyre fitting firm as this is specialist
145. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Turning the steering wheel while your car is
stationary can cause damage to theCorrectIncorrect
Turning the steering wheel when the car is
not moving can cause unnecessary wear to
the tyres and steering mechanism. This is
known as ‘dry’ steering.
146. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You have to leave valuables in your car. It
would be safer toCorrectIncorrect
If you have to leave valuables in your car,
always lock them out of sight. If you can
see them, so can a thief.
147. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
How could you deter theft from your car
when leaving it unattended?CorrectIncorrect
If you can see valuables in your car so can
a thief. If you can’t take them with you lock
them out of sight or you risk losing them,
as well as having your car damaged.
148. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Which of the following may help to deter a
thief from stealing your car?CorrectIncorrect
Having your car registration number etched
on all your windows is a cheap and
effective way to deter professional car
149. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Which of the following should not be kept in
Never leave the vehicle’s documents inside
it. They would help a thief dispose of the
vehicle more easily.
150. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
What should you do when leaving your
When leaving your vehicle unattended it is
best to take valuables with you. If you
can’t, then lock them out of sight in the
boot. If you can see valuables in your car,
so can a thief.
151. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Which of these is most likely to deter the
theft of your vehicle?CorrectIncorrect
An immobiliser makes it more difficult for
your vehicle to be driven off by a thief. It is
a particular deterrent to opportunist thieves.
152. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
When parking and leaving your car you
When you leave your car always engage
the steering lock. This increases the
security of your vehicle, as the ignition key
is needed to release the steering lock.
153. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
When leaving your vehicle parked and
unattended you shouldCorrectIncorrect
An unlocked car is an open invitation to
thieves. Leaving the keys in the ignition not
only makes your car easy to steal, it could
also invalidate your insurance.
154. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Which TWO of the following will improve fuel
Harsh braking, constant gear changes and
harsh acceleration increase fuel
consumption. An engine uses less fuel
when travelling at a constant low speed.
You need to look well ahead so you are
able to anticipate hazards early. Easing off
the accelerator and timing your approach,
at junctions, for example, could actually
improve the fuel consumption of your
155. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You service your own vehicle. How should
you get rid of the old engine oil?CorrectIncorrect
It is illegal to pour engine oil down any
drain. Oil is a pollutant and harmful to
wildlife. Dispose of it safely at an authorised
156. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Why do MOT tests include a strict exhaust
Emission tests are carried out to ensure
your vehicle’s engine is operating efficiently.
This ensures the pollution produced by the
engine is kept to a minimum. If your vehicle
is not serviced regularly, it may fail the
annual MOT test.
157. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
To reduce the damage your vehicle causes
to the environment you shouldCorrectIncorrect
By looking well ahead and recognising
hazards early you can avoid last-minute
harsh braking. Watch the traffic flow and
look well ahead for potential hazards so
you can control your speed accordingly.
Avoid over-revving the engine and
accelerating harshly as this increases wear
to the engine and uses more fuel.
158. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Your vehicle has a catalytic converter. Its
purpose is to reduceCorrectIncorrect
Catalytic converters reduce the harmful
gases given out by the engine. The gases
are changed by a chemical process as they
pass through a special filter.
159. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
A properly serviced vehicle will giveCorrectIncorrect
When you purchase your vehicle, check at
what intervals you should have it serviced.
This can vary depending on model and
manufacturer. Use the service manual and
keep it up to date. The cost of a service
may well be less than the cost of running a
poorly maintained vehicle.
160. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicleCorrectIncorrect
The humps are there for a reason – to
reduce the speed of the traffic. Don’t
accelerate harshly between them as this
means you will only have to brake harshly
to negotiate the next hump. Harsh braking
and accelerating uses more fuel.
161. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
When should you especially check the
engine oil level?CorrectIncorrect
During long journeys an engine can use
more oil than on shorter trips. Insufficient oil
is potentially dangerous: it can lead to
excessive wear and expensive repairs.
Most cars have a dipstick to allow the oil
level to be checked. If not, you should refer
to the vehicle’s handbook. Also make
162. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are having difficulty finding a parking
space in a busy town. You can see there is
space on the zigzag lines of a zebra
crossing. Can you park there?CorrectIncorrect
It’s an offence to park there. You will be
causing an obstruction by obscuring the
view of both pedestrians and drivers.
163. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
When leaving your car unattended for a few
minutes you shouldCorrectIncorrect
Always switch off the engine, remove the
key and lock your car, even if you are only
leaving it for a few minutes.
164. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
When parking and leaving your car for a few
minutes you shouldCorrectIncorrect
Always remove the key and lock your car
even if you only leave it for a few minutes.
165. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
When leaving your vehicle where should you
park if possible?CorrectIncorrect
Whenever possible leave your car in a
secure car park. This will help stop thieves.
166. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
In which THREE places would parking your
vehicle cause danger or obstruction to other
Don’t park your vehicle where parking
restrictions apply. Think carefully before you
slow down and stop. Look at road
markings and signs to ensure that you
aren’t parking illegally.
167. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
In which THREE places would parking
cause an obstruction to others?CorrectIncorrect
Think about the effect your parking will
have on other road users. Don’t forget that
not all vehicles are the size of a car. Large
vehicles will need more room to pass and
might need more time too.
Parking out of the view of traffic, such as
before the brow of a hill, causes
unnecessary risks. Think before you park.
168. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are away from home and have to park
your vehicle overnight. Where should you
When leaving your vehicle unattended, use
a secure car park whenever possible.
169. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
The most important reason for having a
properly adjusted head restraint is toCorrectIncorrect
The restraint should be adjusted so that it
gives maximum protection to the head and
neck. This will help in the event of a rearend
170. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
As a driver you can cause more damage to
the environment byCorrectIncorrect
For short journeys it may be quicker to
walk, or cycle, which is far better for your
health. Time spent stationary in traffic with
the engine running is damaging to health,
the environment and expensive in fuel
171. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
As a driver, you can help reduce pollution
levels in town centres byCorrectIncorrect
Using a vehicle for short journeys means
the engine does not have time to reach its
normal running temperature. When an
engine is running below its normal running
temperature it produces increased amounts
of pollution. Walking and cycling do not
create pollution and have health benefits as
172. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
How can you reduce the chances of your
car being broken into when leaving it
When leaving your car take all valuables
with you if you can, otherwise lock them
out of sight.
173. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
How can you help to prevent your car radio
A security-coded radio can deter thieves as
it is likely to be of little use when removed
from the vehicle.
174. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are parking your car. You have some
valuables which you are unable to take with
you. What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
Your vehicle is like a shop window for
thieves. Either remove all valuables or lock
them out of sight.
175. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Wherever possible, which one of the
following should you do when parking at
If you are away from home, try to avoid
leaving your vehicle unattended in poorly-lit
areas. If possible park in a secure, well-lit
176. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
How can you lessen the risk of your vehicle
being broken into at night?CorrectIncorrect
Having your vehicle broken into or stolen
can be very distressing and inconvenient.
Avoid leaving your vehicle unattended in
177. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
To help keep your car secure you could join
The vehicle watch scheme helps reduce
the risk of having your car stolen. By
displaying high visibility vehicle watch
stickers in your car you are inviting the
police to stop your vehicle if seen in use
between midnight and 5 am.
178. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
On a vehicle, where would you find a
Although carbon dioxide is still produced, a
catalytic converter reduces the toxic and
polluting gases by up to 90%. Unleaded
fuel must be used in vehicles fitted with a
179. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
When leaving your car to help keep it secure
To help keep your car secure when you
leave it, you should always remove the key
from the ignition, lock it and take the key
with you. Don’t make it easy for thieves.
180. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You will find that driving smoothly canCorrectIncorrect
Not only will you save about 15% of your
fuel by driving smoothly, but you will also
reduce the amount of wear and tear on
your vehicle as well as reducing pollution.
You will also feel more relaxed and have a
more pleasant journey.
181. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You can save fuel when conditions allow byCorrectIncorrect
Missing out intermediate gears when
appropriate, helps to reduce the amount of
time spent accelerating and decelerating –
the time when your vehicle uses most fuel.
182. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
How can driving in an Eco-safe manner help
protect the environment?CorrectIncorrect
Eco-safe driving is all about becoming a
more environmentally-friendly driver. This
will make your journeys more comfortable
as well as considerably reducing your fuel
bills and reducing emissions that can
damage the environment.
183. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
What does Eco-safe driving achieve?CorrectIncorrect
The emphasis is on hazard awareness and
planning ahead. By looking well ahead you
will have plenty of time to deal with hazards
safely and won’t need to brake sharply.
This will also reduce damage to the
184. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
How can missing out some gear changes
Missing out some gears helps to reduce
the amount of time you are accelerating
and this saves fuel. You don’t always need
to change up or down through each gear.
As you accelerate between each gear more
fuel is injected into the engine than if you
had maintained constant acceleration.
Fewer gear changes means less fuel used.
185. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Missing out some gears saves fuel by
reducing the amount of time you spendCorrectIncorrect
It is not always necessary to change up or
down through each gear. Missing out
intermediate gears helps to reduce the
amount of time you are accelerating.
Because fuel consumption is at its highest
when accelerating this can save fuel.
186. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are checking your trailer tyres. What is
the legal minimum tread depth over the
central three quarters of its breadth?CorrectIncorrect
Trailers and caravans may be left in storage
over the winter months and tyres can
deteriorate. It’s important to check their
tread depth and also the pressures and
general condition. The legal tread depth
applies to the central three quarters of its
breadth over its entire circumference.
187. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Fuel consumption is at its highest when you
Always try to use the accelerator smoothly.
Taking your foot off the accelerator allows
the momentum of the car to take you
forward, especially when going downhill.
This can save a considerable amount of
fuel without any loss of control over the
188. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Car passengers MUST wear a seat
belt/restraint if one is available, unless they
If you have adult passengers it is their
responsibility to wear a seat belt, but you
should still remind them to use them as
they get in the car. It is your responsibility
to ensure that all children in your car are
secured with an appropriate restraint.
189. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
Car passengers MUST wear a seat belt if
one is available, unless they areCorrectIncorrect
When adult passengers are travelling in a
vehicle, it is their own responsibility to wear
a seat belt. However, you should still
remind them to use a seat belt.
190. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are driving the children of a friend home
from school. They are both under 14 years
old. Who is responsible for making sure they
wear a seat belt or approved child restraint
Passengers should always be secured and
safe. Children should be encouraged to
fasten their seat belts or approved
restraints themselves from an early age so
that it becomes a matter of routine. As the
driver you must check that they are
fastened securely. It’s your responsibility.
191. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You have too much oil in your engine. What
could this cause?CorrectIncorrect
Too much oil in the engine will create
excess pressure and could damage engine
seals and cause oil leaks. Any excess oil
should be drained off.
192. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are carrying a 5 year-old child in the
back seat of your car. They are under 1.35
metres (4 feet 5 inches). A correct child
restraint is NOT available. They MUSTCorrectIncorrect
Usually a correct child restraint MUST be
used. In a few exceptional cases if one is
not available an adult seat belt MUST be
used. In a collision unrestrained objects
and people can cause serious injury or
193. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are carrying a child using a rear-facing
baby seat. You want to put it on the front
passenger seat. What MUST you do before
You MUST deactivate any frontal passenger
airbag when using a rear-facing baby seat
in a front passenger seat. It is ILLEGAL if
you don’t. If activated in a crash it could
cause serious injury or death. Ensure you
follow the manufacturers instructions. In
some cars this is now done automatically.
194. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are carrying an 11 year old child in the
back seat of your car. They are under 1.35
metres (4 feet 5 inches) in height. You MUST
make sure thatCorrectIncorrect
It is your responsibility as a driver to ensure
that children are secure and safe in your
vehicle. Make sure you are familiar with the
rules. In a few very exceptional cases when
a child restraint is not available, an adult
seat belt MUST be used. Child restraints
and seat belts save lives!
195. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are parked at the side of the road. You
will be waiting for some time for a
passenger. What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
If your vehicle is stationary and is likely to
remain so for some time, switch off the
engine. We should all try to reduce global
warming and pollution.
196. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are using a rear-facing baby seat. You
want to put it on the front passenger seat
which is protected by a frontal airbag. What
MUST you do before setting off?CorrectIncorrect
If the airbag activates near a baby seat, it
could cause serious injury or even death to
the child. It is illegal to fit a rear-facing baby
seat into a passenger seat protected by an
active frontal airbag. You MUST secure it in
a different seat or deactivate the relevant
airbag. Follow the manufacturers advice
when fitting a baby seat.
197. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are carrying a five year-old child in the
back seat of your car. They are under 1.35
metres (4 feet 5 inches) in height. They
MUST use an adult seat belt ONLY ifCorrectIncorrect
You should make all efforts to ensure a
correct child restraint is used, with very few
exceptions. If in specific circumstances one
is not available, then an adult seat belt
MUST be used. Unrestrained objects,
including people, can be thrown violently
around in a collision, and may cause
serious injury or even death!
198. QuestionCategory: Safety and your vehicle
You are leaving your vehicle parked on a
road unattended. When may you leave the
When you leave your vehicle parked on a
road, switch off the engine and secure the
vehicle. Make sure there aren’t any
valuables visible, shut all the windows, lock
the vehicle, set the alarm if it has one and
use an anti-theft device such as a steering
199. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Braking distances on ice can beCorrectIncorrect
In icy and snowy weather, your stopping
distance will increase by up to ten times
compared to good, dry conditions.
Take extra care when braking, accelerating
and steering, to cut down the risk of
200. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Freezing conditions will affect the distance it
takes you to come to a stop. You should
expect stopping distances to increase by up
Your tyre grip is greatly reduced on icy
roads and you need to allow up to ten
times the normal stopping distance.
201. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
In windy conditions you need to take extra
You should always give cyclists plenty of
room when overtaking. When it’s windy, a
sudden gust could blow them off course.
202. QuestionCategory: Safety marginsCorrectIncorrect
Doing this will give you an earlier view
around the bend and enable you to see
any hazards sooner.
It also reduces the risk of collision with an
oncoming vehicle that may have drifted
over the centre line while taking the bend.
203. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You have just gone through deep water. To
dry off the brakes you shouldCorrectIncorrect
Water on the brakes will act as a lubricant,
causing them to work less efficiently. Using
the brakes lightly as you go along will dry
204. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
In very hot weather the road surface can
become soft. Which TWO of the following
will be most affected?CorrectIncorrect
Only a small part of your tyres is in contact
with the road. This is why you must
consider the surface on which you’re
travelling, and alter your speed to suit the
205. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Where are you most likely to be affected by
a side wind?CorrectIncorrect
In windy conditions, care must be taken on
exposed roads. A strong gust of wind can
blow you off course. Watch out for other
road users who are particularly likely to be
affected, such as cyclists, motorcyclists,
high-sided lorries and vehicles towing
206. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
In good conditions, what is the typical
stopping distance at 70 mph?CorrectIncorrect
Note that this is the typical stopping
distance. It will take at least this distance to
think, brake and stop in good conditions. In
poor conditions it will take much longer.
207. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
What is the shortest overall stopping
distance on a dry road at 60 mph?CorrectIncorrect
This distance is the equivalent of 18 car
lengths. Try pacing out 73 metres and then
look back. It’s probably further than you
208. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are following a vehicle at a safe
distance on a wet road. Another driver
overtakes you and pulls into the gap you
have left. What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
Wet weather will affect the time it takes for
you to stop and can affect your control.
Your speed should allow you to stop safely
and in good time. If another vehicle pulls
into the gap you’ve left, ease back until
you’ve regained your stopping distance.
209. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are travelling at 50 mph on a good, dry
road. What is your typical overall stopping
Even in good conditions it will usually take
you further than you think to stop. Don’t
just learn the figures, make sure you
understand how far the distance is.
210. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are on a good, dry, road surface. Your
brakes and tyres are good. What is the
typical overall stopping distance at 40 mph?CorrectIncorrect
Stopping distances are affected by a
number of variable factors. These include
the type, model and condition of your
vehicle, road and weather conditions, and
your reaction time. Look well ahead for
hazards and leave enough space between
you and the vehicle in front. This should
allow you to pull up safely if you have to,
without braking sharply.
211. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
What should you do when overtaking a
motorcyclist in strong winds?CorrectIncorrect
In strong winds riders of two-wheeled
vehicles are particularly vulnerable. When
you overtake them allow plenty of room.
Always check to the left as you pass.
212. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are overtaking a motorcyclist in strong
winds? What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
It is easy for motorcyclists to be blown off
course. Always give them plenty of room if
you decide to overtake, especially in strong
winds. Decide whether you need to
overtake at all. Always check to the left as
213. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Overall stopping distance is made up of
thinking and braking distance. You are on a
good, dry road surface with good brakes
and tyres. What is the typical BRAKING
distance from 50 mph?CorrectIncorrect
Be aware this is just the braking distance.
You need to add the thinking distance to
this to give the OVERALL STOPPING
DISTANCE. At 50 mph the typical thinking
distance will be 15 metres (50 feet), plus a
braking distance of 38 metres (125 feet),
giving an overall stopping distance of 53
metres (175 feet). The distance could be
greater than this depending on your
attention and response to any hazards.
These figures are a general guide.
214. QuestionCategory: Safety marginsCorrectIncorrect
On busy roads traffic may still travel at high
speeds despite being close together. Don’t
follow too closely to the vehicle in front. If a
driver behind seems to be ‘pushing’ you,
gradually increase your distance from the
vehicle in front by slowing down gently. This
will give you more space in front if you have
to brake, and lessen the risk of a collision
involving several vehicles.
215. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are following other vehicles in fog. You
have your lights on. What else can you do
to reduce the chances of being in a
When it’s foggy use dipped headlights. This
will help you see and be seen by other road
users. If visibility is seriously reduced
consider using front and rear fog lights.
Keep a sensible speed and don’t follow the
vehicle in front too closely. If the road is wet
and slippery you’ll need to allow twice the
normal stopping distance.
216. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
To avoid a collision when entering a
contraflow system, you shouldCorrectIncorrect
In a contraflow system you will be travelling
close to oncoming traffic and sometimes in
narrow lanes. You should obey the
temporary speed limit signs, get into the
correct lane at the proper time and keep a
safe separation distance from the vehicle
ahead. When traffic is at a very low speed,
merging in turn is recommended if it’s safe
217. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
What is the most common cause of
A skid happens when the driver changes
the speed or direction of their vehicle so
suddenly that the tyres can’t keep their grip
on the road.
Remember that the risk of skidding on wet
or icy roads is much greater than in dry
218. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are driving on an icy road. How can you
If you’re travelling on an icy road extra
caution will be required to avoid loss of
control. Keeping your speed down and
using the highest gear possible will reduce
the risk of the tyres losing their grip on this
219. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Skidding is mainly caused byCorrectIncorrect
You should always consider the conditions
and drive accordingly
220. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are driving in freezing conditions. What
should you do when approaching a sharp
Harsh use of the accelerator, brakes or
steering are likely to lead to skidding,
especially on slippery surfaces. Avoid
steering and braking at the same time.
In icy conditions it’s very important that you
constantly assess what’s ahead, so that
you can take appropriate action in plenty of
221. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are turning left on a slippery road. The
back of your vehicle slides to the right. You
Steer into the skid but be careful not to
overcorrect with too much steering. Too
much movement may lead to a skid in the
opposite direction. Skids don’t just happen,
they are caused. The three important
factors in order are, the driver, the vehicle
and the road conditions.
222. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Before starting a journey in freezing weather
you should clear ice and snow from your
Don’t travel unless you have no choice.
Making unnecessary journeys in bad
weather can increase the risk of having a
collision. It’s important that you can see
and be seen. Make sure any snow or ice is
cleared from lights, mirrors, number plates
223. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are trying to move off on snow. You
If you attempt to move off in a low gear,
such as first, the engine will rev at a higher
speed. This could cause the wheels to spin
and dig further into the snow.
224. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
When driving in falling snow you shouldCorrectIncorrect
Braking on snow can be extremely
dangerous. Be gentle with both the
accelerator and brake to prevent wheelspin.
225. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
The MAIN benefit of having four-wheel drive
is to improveCorrectIncorrect
By driving all four wheels there is improved
grip, but this does not replace the skills you
need to drive safely. The extra grip helps
road holding when travelling on slippery or
226. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are about to go down a steep hill. To
control the speed of your vehicle you shouldCorrectIncorrect
When going down a steep hill your vehicle
will speed up. This will make it more difficult
for you to stop. Select a lower gear to give
you more engine braking and control. Use
this in combination with careful use of the
227. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You wish to park facing DOWNHILL. Which
TWO of the following should you do?CorrectIncorrect
Turning the wheels towards the kerb will
allow it to act as a chock, preventing any
forward movement of the vehicle. It will also
help to leave it in gear, or select Park if you
have an automatic.
228. QuestionCategory: Safety marginsCorrectIncorrect
Many towns have speed humps to slow
down traffic. Slow down when driving over
them. If you go too fast they may affect
your steering and suspension, causing you
to lose control or even damaging it. Be
aware of pedestrians in these areas.
229. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are on a long, downhill slope. What
should you do to help control the speed of
Selecting a low gear when travelling
downhill will help you to control your speed.
The engine will assist the brakes and help
prevent your vehicle gathering speed.
230. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Anti-lock brakes prevent wheels from
locking. This means the tyres are less likely
If an anti-lock braking system is fitted it
activates automatically when maximum
braking pressure is applied or when it
senses that the wheels are about to lock. It
prevents the wheels from locking so you
can continue to steer the vehicle during
braking. It does not remove the need for
good driving practices such as anticipation
and correct speed for the conditions.
231. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Anti-lock brakes reduce the chances of a
skid occurring particularly whenCorrectIncorrect
The anti-lock braking system will operate
when the brakes have been applied
It will reduce the chances of your car
skidding, but it is not a miracle cure for
232. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Vehicles fitted with anti-lock brakesCorrectIncorrect
Preventing the wheels from locking means
that the vehicle’s steering and stability can
be maintained, leading to safer stopping.
However, you must ensure that the engine
does not stall, as this could disable the
power steering. Look in your vehicle
handbook for the correct method when
stopping in an emergency.
233. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Anti-lock brakes may not work as effectively
if the road surface isCorrectIncorrect
Poor contact with the road surface could
cause one or more of the tyres to lose grip
on the road. This is more likely to happen
when braking in poor weather conditions,
when the road surface is uneven or has
234. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Anti-lock brakes are of most use when you
Anti-lock brakes will not be required when
braking normally. Looking well down the
road and anticipating possible hazards
could prevent you having to brake late and
harshly. Knowing that you have anti-lock
brakes is not an excuse to drive in a
careless or reckless way.
235. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Driving a vehicle fitted with anti-lock brakes
allows you toCorrectIncorrect
When stopping in an emergency anti-lock
brakes will help you continue to steer when
braking. In poor weather conditions this
may be less effective. You need to depress
the clutch pedal to prevent the car stalling
as most power steering systems use an
engine-driven pump and will only operate
when the engine is running. Look in your
vehicle handbook for the correct method
when stopping in an emergency.
236. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Anti-lock brakes can greatly assist withCorrectIncorrect
If the wheels of your vehicle lock they will
not grip the road and you will lose steering
control. In good conditions the anti-lock
system will prevent the wheels locking and
allow you to retain steering control.
237. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are driving a vehicle fitted with anti-lock
brakes. You need to stop in an emergency.
You should apply the footbrakeCorrectIncorrect
Look well ahead down the road as you
drive and give yourself time and space to
react safely to any hazards. You may have
to stop in an emergency due to a
misjudgement by another driver or a hazard
arising suddenly such as a child running
out into the road. In this case, if your
vehicle has anti-lock brakes, you should
apply the brakes immediately and keep
them firmly applied until you stop.
238. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes, but they
may not always prevent skidding. This is
most likely to happen when drivingCorrectIncorrect
In very wet weather water can build up
between the tyre and the road surface. As
a result your vehicle actually rides on a thin
film of water and your tyres will not grip the
road. Gravel or shingle surfaces also offer
less grip and can present problems when
braking. An anti-lock braking system may
be ineffective in these conditions.
239. QuestionCategory: Safety marginsCorrectIncorrect
Deep water can affect your brakes, so you
should check that they’re working properly
before you build up speed again. Before
you do this, remember to check your
mirrors and consider what’s behind you.
240. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are driving in heavy rain. Your steering
suddenly becomes very light. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
If the steering becomes light in these
conditions it is probably due to a film of
water that has built up between your tyres
and the road surface. Easing off the
accelerator should allow your tyres to
displace the film of water and they should
then regain their grip on the road.
241. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
The roads are icy. You should drive slowlyCorrectIncorrect
Driving at a slow speed in a high gear will
reduce the likelihood of wheel-spin and
help your vehicle maintain the best possible
242. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are driving along a wet road. How can
you tell if your vehicle is aquaplaning?CorrectIncorrect
If you drive at speed in very wet conditions
your steering may suddenly feel ‘light’. This
means that the tyres have lifted off the
surface of the road and are skating on the
surface of the water. This is known as
aquaplaning. Reduce speed by easing off
the accelerator, but don’t brake until your
steering returns to normal.
243. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
How can you tell if you are driving on ice?CorrectIncorrect
Drive extremely carefully when the roads
are icy. When travelling on ice, tyres make
virtually no noise and the steering feels
In icy conditions, avoid harsh braking,
acceleration and steering.
244. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are driving along a wet road. How can
you tell if your vehicle’s tyres are losing their
grip on the surface?CorrectIncorrect
If you drive at speed in very wet conditions
your steering may suddenly feel lighter than
usual. This means that the tyres have lifted
off the surface of the road and are skating
on the surface of the water. This is known
as aquaplaning. Reduce speed but don’t
brake until your steering returns to a normal
245. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Your overall stopping distance will be much
longer when drivingCorrectIncorrect
Extra care should be taken in wet weather
as, on wet roads, your stopping distance
could be double that necessary for dry
246. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You have driven through a flood. What is the
first thing you should do?CorrectIncorrect
Before you test your brakes you must
check for following traffic. If it is safe, gently
apply the brakes to clear any water that
may be covering the braking surfaces.
247. QuestionCategory: Safety marginsCorrectIncorrect
One useful method of checking that you’ve
allowed enough room between you and the
vehicle in front is the two-second rule.
To check for a two-second time gap,
choose a stationary object ahead, such as
a bridge or road sign. When the car in front
passes the object say ‘Only a fool breaks
the two-second rule’. If you reach the
object before you finish saying it you’re too
248. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
How can you use your vehicle’s engine as a
When driving on downhill stretches of road
selecting a lower gear gives increased
engine braking. This will prevent excess
use of the brakes, which become less
effective if they overheat.
249. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Anti-lock brakes are most effective when
Releasing the brake before you have
slowed right down will disable the system.
If you have to brake in an emergency
ensure that you keep your foot firmly on the
brake pedal until the vehicle has stopped.
250. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Your car is fitted with anti-lock brakes. You
need to stop in an emergency. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
Keep pressure on the brake pedal until you
have come to a stop. The anti-lock
mechanism will activate automatically if it
senses the wheels are about to lock.
251. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
When would an anti-lock braking system
start to work?CorrectIncorrect
The anti-lock braking system has sensors
that detect when the wheels are about to
lock. It releases the brakes momentarily to
allow the wheels to revolve and grip, then
automatically reapplies them. This cycle is
repeated several times a second to
maximise braking performance.
252. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Anti-lock brakes will take effect whenCorrectIncorrect
If your car is fitted with anti-lock brakes
they will take effect when you use them
very firmly in an emergency. The system will
only activate when it senses the wheels are
about to lock.
253. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
You are on a wet motorway with surface
spray. You should useCorrectIncorrect
When surface spray reduces visibility
switch on your dipped headlights. This will
help other road users to see you.
254. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Your vehicle is fitted with anti-lock brakes.
To stop quickly in an emergency you shouldCorrectIncorrect
Once you have applied the brake keep
your foot firmly on the pedal. Releasing the
brake and reapplying it will disable the antilock
255. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
Travelling for long distances in neutral
(known as coasting)CorrectIncorrect
Coasting, is the term used when the clutch
is held down, or the gear lever is in neutral,
and the vehicle is allowed to freewheel.
This reduces the driver’s control of the
vehicle. When you coast, the engine can’t
drive the wheels to pull you through a
corner. Coasting also removes the
assistance of engine braking that helps to
slow the car.
256. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
How can you tell when you are driving over
Sometimes you may not be able to see
that the road is icy. Black ice makes a road
look damp. The signs that you’re travelling
on black ice can be that
• the steering feels light
• the noise from your tyres suddenly goes
257. QuestionCategory: Safety margins
When driving in fog, which THREE of these
Don’t venture out if your journey is not
necessary. If you have to travel and
someone is expecting you at the other end,
let them know that you will be taking longer
than usual for your journey. This will stop
them worrying if you don’t turn up on time
and will also take the pressure off you, so
you don’t feel you have to rush.
258. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
These markers must be fitted to vehicles
over 13 metres long, large goods vehicles,
and rubbish skips placed in the road. They
are reflective to make them easier to see in
259. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
Look at the picture carefully and try to
imagine you’re there. The cyclist in this
picture appears to be trying to cross the
road. You must be able to deal with the
unexpected, especially when you’re
approaching a hazardous junction. Look
well ahead to give yourself time to deal with
260. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
The car arrowed A is parked within the area
marked by zigzag lines at the pedestrian
crossing. Parking here is illegal. It also
• blocks the view for pedestrians wishing
to cross the road
• restricts the view of the crossing for
261. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
Look well ahead to see if any hazards are
developing. This will give you more time to
deal with them in the correct way. The man
in the picture is clearly intending to cross
the road. You should be travelling at a
speed that allows you to check your mirror,
slow down and stop in good time. You
shouldn’t have to brake harshly.
262. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
You need to be aware that other road users
may not have seen you. Always be on the
lookout for hazards that may develop
suddenly and need you to take avoiding
263. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
Adjust your speed in good time and select
the correct gear for your speed. Going too
fast into the bend could cause you to lose
Braking late and harshly while changing
direction reduces your vehicle’s grip on the
road, and is likely to cause a skid.
264. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
Keep well back and allow the cyclist room
to take up the correct position for the turn.
Don’t get too close behind or try to
265. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
You may have to pull forward slowly until
you can see up and down the road. Be
aware that the traffic approaching the
junction can’t see you either. If you don’t
know that it’s clear, don’t go.
266. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
A double-deck bus or high-sided lorry will
have to take up a position in the centre of
the road so that it can clear the bridge.
There is normally a sign to indicate this.
Look well down the road, through the
bridge and be aware you may have to stop
and give way to an oncoming large vehicle.
267. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
The highest point of the bridge is in the
centre so a large vehicle might have to
move to the centre of the road to allow it
enough room to pass under the bridge
268. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
The ‘stop’ sign has been put here because
there is a poor view into the main road. You
must stop because it will not be possible to
assess the situation on the move, however
slowly you are travelling.
269. QuestionCategory: Hazard awareness
A driver pulls out of a side road in front of
you. You have to brake hard. You shouldCorrectIncorrect
Where there are a number of side roads,
be alert. Be especially careful if there are a
lot of parked vehicles because they can
make it more difficult for drivers emerging
to see you. Try to be tolerant if a vehicle
does emerge and you have to brake
quickly. Don’t react aggressively.
270. QuestionCategory: Hazard awareness
An elderly person’s driving ability could be
affected because they may be unable toCorrectIncorrect
Be tolerant of older drivers. Poor eyesight
and hearing could affect the speed with
which they react to a hazard and may
cause them to be hesitant.
271. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
These lights warn that children may be
crossing the road to a nearby school. Slow
down so that you’re ready to stop if
272. QuestionCategory: Hazard awareness
You are planning a long journey. Do you
need to plan rest stops?CorrectIncorrect
Try to plan your journey so that you can
take rest stops. It’s recommended that you
take a break of at least 15 minutes after
every two hours of driving. This should help
to maintain your concentration.
273. QuestionCategory: Hazard awareness
A driver does something that upsets you.
There are times when other road users
make a misjudgement or mistake. When
this happens try not to get annoyed and
don’t react by showing anger. Sounding
your horn, flashing your headlights or
shouting won’t help the situation. Good
anticipation will help to prevent these
incidents becoming collisions.
274. QuestionCategory: Hazard awarenessCorrectIncorrect
At level crossings the red lights flash before
and when the barrier is down. At most
crossings an amber light will precede the
red lights. You must stop behind the white
line unless you have already crossed it
when the amber light comes on. NEVER
zigzag around half-barriers.
275. QuestionCategory: Hazard awareness
You are approaching crossroads. The traffic
lights have failed. What should you do?CorrectIncorrect
When approaching a junction where the
traffic lights have failed, you should
proceed with caution. Treat the situation as
an unmarked junction and be prepared to